Sunday, April 24, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #5

Peter and his family would have lived in a home with a thatched roof, walls made of straw and mud. The home would also have served as a barn for various livestock (pigs, goats, sheep, chickens, geese, milk cows, horses) and a place to store animal feed, farming items and food (grains, vegetables).  Crops grown on the farm would have been wheat, corn, flax and potatoes. There also would have been a vegetable garden with cabbage, lettuce, carrots, onion and beets.


Typical Farmhouse Exterior in the 1800's
Peter's father, a colon (farm owner), was required to pay 10% of the crop value as a yearly tax to the farm landlord in the area.  Some years, the income from farming was not enough to pay the tax, and he would fall into debt for those years. He had one or two tenant farmers working to pay rent for their families to live on the farm.


Typical Farmhouse Interior in the 1800's
Henrich Wilhelm Westerhaus, original owner of farm #14 in Lenzinghausen, sold it to dealer, Benedix Aron Weinberg, 14 February 1829 for $4800.

Johann Heinrich Korfhage, Peter's father, purchased farm #14 in Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia for $5500 from dealer, Benedix Aron Weinberg 13 April 1829.  This property was across the street from farm #18, where the Korfhage family was living.

According to the property register the farm consists of the following:
     1 Wohnhaus (residential house)
     1 Leibzuchthaus (a smaller one, built for the parents)
     1 Kotten (small house for the family/families who were working for the farmer)
     1 Schoppen (barn)

     1 Backhaus (baking-house) and 1 pigsty


After Peter's family moved to the Westerhaus farm #14, the family gradually changed their last name from Korfhage to Westerhaus, in keeping with the name of the farm they had purchased.


Korfhage Farm #18 in Lenzinghausen
Peter's younger sister Anna Ilsabein was born on the Westerhaus farm #14. All the other siblings had been born on farm #18, including Peter.

The original buildings on farm #18 no longer exist. They were rebuilt after World War I.  The property is currently owned by an elderly retired city government official. 


Today, farm #14 is farmland with no structures. 


Westerhaus Farm #14 in Lenzinghausen
Peter's father, Johann Heinrich Korfhage, died 23 September 1835, on the Westerhaus farm #14, which he had purchased five years earlier.  Local historians believe he was buried at the cemetery adjoining St. Martin Lutheran Church, in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.

Germany historically reused cemetery plots every 30 to 50 years.  For this reason, Johann Korfhage's headstone is not visible, as other people have been buried in the same plot over time.

Johann Heinrich Korfhage died, leaving his wife, Anna Maria, to raise the family and run the farm.  At the time of Johann's death, their children were:

Catherina Ilsabein  - age 13
Anna Catherina Ilsabein - age 12
Casper Heinrich - age 10
Peter Heinrich - age 7
Anna Ilsabein - age 5



Note: One of Peter's siblings, Anna Elisabeth died as infant in 1827.


Cemetery Adjoining St. Martin Lutheran Church in Spenge


Thursday, April 21, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #4

Peter Heinrich Korfhage (Westerhouse), was born 17 March 1828, on farm #18 in Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.  

Records at St. Martin Lutheran Church in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia, showed in Column one that Peter's was the 54th birth registered at the church. 

Column two listed his given name as Peter Heinrich. 
Column three listed his birthdate as 17 March. 
Column four listed his time of birth as 7 PM. 
Column five listed him as born in wedlock. 
Column six listed his father as Johann Heinrich Korfhage, owner of farm #18.  
Column seven listed his mother as Anna Maria Ilsabein Brandt.  




The second page of the church record showed in Column one that Peter was born in Lenzinghausen on farm #18. 

Column two listed Peter's christening as 23 March.  
Column three listed the priest as Seippel.  
Column four listed notes about the family.





Saturday, April 16, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #3

Peter's mother's and grandparent's family, on his mother's side, attended the St. Marien Lutheran Church located in  Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.

Peter's grandfather on his mother's side was Caspar Heinrich Brandt, born 3 December 1774, on farm #15 in Diemke, Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.  Peter's grandmother, Catharina Ilsabein Kleinegödinghaus, was born 27 July 1768, on farm #18 in Mantershagen, Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. St. Marien Lutheran Church records confirm this information.

Peter's mother was Anna Maria Ilsabein Brandt, born 9 May 1803, on farm #16 in Diemke, Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. She was christened at St. Marien Lutheran Church in Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia, 13 May 1803.  St. Marien Lutheran Church records confirm this information.  


St. Marien Lutheran Church Exterior

Peter's mother was the middle child.  Her older siblings were:
          Catherine Elisabeth Brandt, born 2 June 1795
          Peter Heinrich Brandt, born 26 December 1797
          Anna Margaretha Brandt, born 21 August 1800

Her younger siblings were:    
          Marie Elisabeth Brandt, born 8 June 1806
          Peter Heinrich Brandt, born 15 May 1809
          Catharine Ilsabein Brandt, born 25 May 1812

All the children were born on farm #16 in Diemke, Wallenbrück, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. This information was found at Family Search, an online church index, and needs further verification with church records.  

St. Marien Lutheran Church Interior 


Wednesday, April 13, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #2

There were two faiths in Prussia, Lutheran and Catholic.  Churches in Prussia were supported by the government and were required to follow its guidelines.

Peter's family, including his father's and grandparents family, on his father's side, attended the St. Martin Lutheran Church located in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. The church was originally built around 1470, burned to the ground in 1768 and had to be rebuilt.  It was much smaller then, but it has been expanded over time.

Peter's grandfather on his father's side was Johann Heinrich Korfhage, born 20 December 1762, in Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. Peter's grandmother was Anne Ilsabein Lüersen, born 24 October 1767, in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. St. Martin Lutheran Church records confirm this information.


St. Martin Lutheran Church Exterior
Peter's father was Johann Heinrich Korfhage, born 29 March 1800, on farm #18, in Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia. He was christened at St. Martin Lutheran Church in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia, 6 April 1800.  St. Martin Lutheran Church records confirm this information.

Peter's father's siblings were: Anna Maria Elizabeth, born about 1793; Maria Ilsabein, born 18 December 1803; Johann Hermann, born 19 June 1810.  This information was found at Family Search, an online church index, and needs further verification with church records.

St. Martin Lutheran Church Interior


Saturday, April 9, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #1

Peter Westehouse's grandparents were from the Spenge and Wallenbrück area of Prussia. Spenge and Wallenbrück were small villages in the district of Herford, located in the northeastern part of the Westphalia Providence.  This province was located in the Kingdom of Prussia in the northwestern part of modern day Germany. 

Map of Modern Day Europe

Peter's father's family came from Lenzinghausen, a small grouping of farms just south of Spenge.  Peter's mother's family came from Diemke and Mantershagen, both small groupings of farms between Spenge and Wallenbrück, west of Spenge and north of Lenzinghausen.

The Spenge-Wallenbrück area looked very much like the American Midwest, with its rolling hills and green pastures.  The farms were small, with acreages being between 5 and 50 acres. The farm number, which was assigned by the community, indicated the size of the farm. Peter's father's farm, having been given number 18, was not very large.

Map of Modern Day Spenge Area

Monday, April 4, 2016

Welcome to the Cress And Westerhouse History Blog

Welcome to the Cress And Westerhouse History Blog!  I am glad you stopped by.

Here on the Cress And Westerhouse History Blog, I will be posting on my current research about the Cress and Westerhouse family history.

Currently I am finishing up on a book about Peter Westerhouse.  He was born March 17 1824 on farm #14, Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.  He immigrated with his mother and siblings to America around 1847 making Lexington, Missouri home.  He had a very colorful history that I will write about in future blogs.