Sunday, April 24, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Early Years #5

Peter and his family would have lived in a home with a thatched roof, walls made of straw and mud. The home would also have served as a barn for various livestock (pigs, goats, sheep, chickens, geese, milk cows, horses) and a place to store animal feed, farming items and food (grains, vegetables).  Crops grown on the farm would have been wheat, corn, flax and potatoes. There also would have been a vegetable garden with cabbage, lettuce, carrots, onion and beets.

Typical Farmhouse Exterior in the 1800's
Peter's father, a colon (farm owner), was required to pay 10% of the crop value as a yearly tax to the farm landlord in the area.  Some years, the income from farming was not enough to pay the tax, and he would fall into debt for those years. He had one or two tenant farmers working to pay rent for their families to live on the farm.

Typical Farmhouse Interior in the 1800's
Henrich Wilhelm Westerhaus, original owner of farm #14 in Lenzinghausen, sold it to dealer, Benedix Aron Weinberg, 14 February 1829 for $4800.

Johann Heinrich Korfhage, Peter's father, purchased farm #14 in Lenzinghausen, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia for $5500 from dealer, Benedix Aron Weinberg 13 April 1829.  This property was across the street from farm #18, where the Korfhage family was living.

According to the property register the farm consists of the following:
     1 Wohnhaus (residential house)
     1 Leibzuchthaus (a smaller one, built for the parents)
     1 Kotten (small house for the family/families who were working for the farmer)
     1 Schoppen (barn)

     1 Backhaus (baking-house) and 1 pigsty

After Peter's family moved to the Westerhaus farm #14, the family gradually changed their last name from Korfhage to Westerhaus, in keeping with the name of the farm they had purchased.

Korfhage Farm #18 in Lenzinghausen
Peter's younger sister Anna Ilsabein was born on the Westerhaus farm #14. All the other siblings had been born on farm #18, including Peter.

The original buildings on farm #18 no longer exist. They were rebuilt after World War I.  The property is currently owned by an elderly retired city government official. 

Today, farm #14 is farmland with no structures. 

Westerhaus Farm #14 in Lenzinghausen
Peter's father, Johann Heinrich Korfhage, died 23 September 1835, on the Westerhaus farm #14, which he had purchased five years earlier.  Local historians believe he was buried at the cemetery adjoining St. Martin Lutheran Church, in Spenge, Herford, Westphalia, Prussia.

Germany historically reused cemetery plots every 30 to 50 years.  For this reason, Johann Korfhage's headstone is not visible, as other people have been buried in the same plot over time.

Johann Heinrich Korfhage died, leaving his wife, Anna Maria, to raise the family and run the farm.  At the time of Johann's death, their children were:

Catherina Ilsabein  - age 13
Anna Catherina Ilsabein - age 12
Casper Heinrich - age 10
Peter Heinrich - age 7
Anna Ilsabein - age 5

Note: One of Peter's siblings, Anna Elisabeth died as infant in 1827.

Cemetery Adjoining St. Martin Lutheran Church in Spenge

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