Sunday, May 22, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Pre-Civil War Years #1

In Lexington, Peter gradually changed the spelling of his last name from Westerhaus to Westerhouse, and dropped his middle name, Heinrich.  Caspar, his brother, gradually changed his name from Caspar Heinrich Westerhaus to Henry Westerhaus.  Anna Catherina Ilsabein Westerhaus Uphaus, his sister, changed her name to Catherine Westerhaus Uphaus.  Anna Ilsabein Westerhaus, another sister, changed her name to Mary Westerhaus. His mother changed her name from Anna Maria Westerhaus to Mary Westerhaus, the same name as her younger daughter.

Peter purchased property 16 January 1852, located at 317 3rd Street (824 Highland Avenue) in the First Addition section of Lexington, for $250  The property was located across from a lumber yard. The lumber yard would have supplied Peter with material for building wooden barrels as a cooper.  Peter's home was a two story log building, based upon information from an 1885 Sanborn Fire Insurance map.  The first floor was used for his cooperage business and he lived on the second floor.  The property was on a bluff overlooking the Missouri River.  This was a busy area of the Lexington business district. Along one side was Commerce Street, which declines sharply to the Missouri River.  Wagons of goods traveled up and down to be loaded/unloaded onto steam ships. Along 3rd Street was Pro-Confederate Antebellum homes overlooking the bluff.  3rd Street also served as the route for the Santa Fe Trail through Lexington, where many wagons of goods and settlers were traveling west.

1885 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map

Mary Westerhaus, Peter's younger sister, married Lawrence Grubart 18 April 1852, according to the marriage licence found at the  County Courthouse.  This marriage did not last long, as records indicated she married William Ferdinand Huscher 15 May 1853.  
Lawrence Grubart's and Mary Westerhaus' Marriage License
William Huscher's and Mary Westerhaus' Marriage License

Peter married Anna Maria Holtcamp 19 April 1853, in Lexington, Missouri, according to the marriage licence found at the Layfette County Courthouse.
Peter Westerhouse's and Anna Holtcamp's Marriage License

Peter and Anna purchased property 19 June 1854, located at 318 3rd Street (820 Highland Avenue) in the First Addition section of Lexington for $300.  This property was adjoining Peter's first property to the east on 3rd Street.

Soon after this property purchase, 21 August 1854, Peter's and Anna's first child, Henry Westerhouse, was born.

Saturday, May 14, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Immigration Years #2

The Anna Westerhaus family would have boarded a sail ship for America, following the path of the Johann Heinrich Uphaus family, very close friends from Lenzinghausen. No passenger list has been found, but it has been assumed from Westerhouse family stories passed down from generation to generation, that they followed the Uphaus family.   Documentation has been found indicating the Uphaus family arrived in New Orleans during December of 1847 after sailing for 6 weeks.

A typical Sailing Ship in the 1800's
Once Anna and her children arrived in New Orleans, they would have stayed only a short time before boarding a Mississippi River barge traveling to St. Louis, Missouri.  Boat records were not required at this time in America, and therefore, no records have been found.

Once in St. Louis, the family would have stayed through the winter before taking a Missouri River barge, west to Lexington, Missouri.  Peter Westerhaus would then stay in Lexington, while his mother and his sisters would join his brother, Caspar Westerhaus, in Freedom, a German community 25 miles southeast of Lexington.

Missouri River at Lexington, Missouri

The Johann Heinrich Uphaus family settled in Freedom, Missouri, and were reunited with the Anna Westerhaus family.  Soon after, two children from each family married.  Caspar Heinrich Westerhaus married Anna Elizabeth Uphaus 22 September 1848.  Anna Catherina Westerhaus married Peter Heinrich Uphaus 22 September 1848.  This has been verified by their marriage licenses found at the Lafayette County Courthouse in Lexington, Missouri. These marriages demonstrated the close relationship between the Westerhaus and Uphaus families.  

Caspar Westerhaus' and Anna Uphaus' Marriage License

Peter Uphaus' and Anna Catherina Westerhaus' Marriage License

Monday, May 2, 2016

Peter Westerhouse - Immigration Years #1

Peter's older brother, Caspar Heinrich, left for America during 1844, without the approval of the Prussian government.  This was documented in the 'Herford District Departure Records', translated below.  Caspar would have been of draft age, and was leaving to escape serving in the Prussian army.  This was a very common problem for the Prussian government and, if caught, Caspar's family could have been fined.  It is not known, however, if a fine was levied and collected.

Caspar Heinrich Korfhage's Herford District Departure Record
Line 1: Name 
Line 2: Town
Line 3: Birthdate
Line 4: Emigrated in 1844 and died in the USA
Line 5: Son of Johann Heinrich Korfhage and Anna Marie Ilsabein Brandt.  Without consent of parents and no money

Anna Maria Brandt Korfhage departed for America with her four children, Catharine Ilsabein, Anna Catherina, Peter Heinrich and Anna Ilsabein, in 1847.  This was documented in the 'Herford District Departure Records' translated below.  Both the names, Westerhaus and Korfhage, were referenced in these records.

Anna Maria Korfhage's and Children's Herford District Departure Record
Line 1: Name 
Line 2: Address
Line 3: Age
Line 4: Emigrated in 1847 and died in the USA
Line 5: Children Catharine Ilsabein aged 21
Line 6: Anne Ilsabein aged 18
Line 7: Peter Heinrich aged 16
Line 8: Anne Marie aged 14
Line 9: Massenauswanderung (mass migration)

Anna and her family most likely would have traveled with a group of families from the Spenge area.  They were part of a mass migration from Prussia to America, as noted in the 'Departure Records'.

The family may have traveled over land, to Herford, 10 miles east of Lenzinghausen.  In Herford, Anna and her children would have boarded a small barge, holding 20 to 30 people and traveled 15 miles up the Werre River to Bad Oeynhausen.  In Bad Oeynhausen, they would have boarded a barge of the same size on the larger Weser River and traveled north for 155 miles, arriving in Bremerhaven.

Weser River Near Lenzinghausen